by Christiane Northrup, M.D.

Pelvic Health

Benign fibroid tumors of the uterus (also called myomas) are present in 30–50 percent of women in the United States. They occur in women of all races and backgrounds, but they are more common in women of African–American or Caribbean descent. Fibroids arise from the smooth muscle and connective tissue of the uterine muscle itself. They can form on the inside or outside of the uterus; above, below or on the side of it. Though they can occur in women as young as their late teens or early twenties, they are most often diagnosed when a woman is in her thirties or forties. Lepine1 During pregnancy, preexisting fibroids can grow rapidly and can sometimes cause uterine contractions that can result in premature delivery. The good news is most fibroids don’t cause symptoms, don’t require any fancy treatment, and almost never require a hysterectomy, despite what you may have heard.

Listen to Your Body

Most women with fibroids don’t even know they have one until their doctor discovers it during an annual pelvic exam. Of course, depending upon the size, number, and location of the fibroid, some women experience pain, heavy bleeding, or pressure. If the fibroid is large, 10 cm. or greater, the lower abdomen can swell slightly and make it appear that a woman is a few months pregnant.

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Whether a fibroid is symptomatic has to do with its size and location within the uterus. Those that are located in the muscle wall of the uterus just under the surface (subserosal) may not be symptomatic. But those growing into the uterine lining itself (submucosal) often cause heavy or irregular bleeding. Women with both fibroids and endometriosis may experience menstrual cramps, pelvic pain, or both. A fibroid may start to degenerate if it outgrows its blood supply, causing the nerves at the center of the fibroid to register a lack of oxygen as pain, in the same way that frostbitten toes do. Sometimes the positioning of the fibroid causes symptoms by pushing on another organ, such as the rectum or the bladder, leading to a sensation of pressure or fullness in the rectum, lower back, or abdomen. A fibroid’s positioning can also interfere with pregnancy in some cases.

What Causes This

Fibroid growth is stimulated by estrogen, and in women with estrogen dominance, they can grow quite quickly and become quite large, especially during perimenopause. The baseline energetic patterns that result in fibroids are related to blockage and stagnation of the energy of the second emotional center. Caroline Myss, Ph.D., teaches that fibroid tumors represent our creativity that has never been birthed. Fibroids may also result when we are flowing life energy into dead end jobs or relationships we have outgrown. Fibroids are often associated with conflicts about creativity, reproduction, and relationships.

If you have fibroids, ask yourself the following questions: What are the creations within me that I want to put out in the world before I’m no longer here? If anything at all were possible, what would my life look like? If I had six months to live, what relationships would I release from my life immediately? What relationships would I give more of my time and attention to? What relationships truly feed and nourish me? Which ones drain my energy? Write your answers in a journal. Discuss them with supportive friends. Deep within you, you have all the answers you need. You just need to be open to hearing them.

Healing Alternatives

One effective way of treating fibroids is through hormones. Hormonal treatments may include bioidentical progesterone or low-dose oral contraceptive pills, which can smooth out the estrogen dominance that so often causes fibroids to grow or become symptomatic. GnRH agonists, such as Lupron or Synarel, can also be used to shrink fibroids and are sometimes effective as alternatives to surgery.

Fibroids that cause heavy bleeding can be treated through a number of surgical options. Endometrial ablation causes destruction of the uterine lining by heat, laser, or other techniques. It results in the cessation of menstruation and infertility. Myomectomy is a surgical procedure in which fibroid tumors are removed, but the uterus is repaired and left in place. Small fibroids can be removed through laparoscopic surgery or sometimes by surgical removal through the vagina (hysteroscopic surgery). Larger ones may require more extensive abdominal surgery or uterine artery embolization, a catheterization procedure that blocks blood flow and causes them to shrink.

A new treatment for fibroids called ExAblate combines MRI imaging to map out uterine fibroids followed by high-intensity, focused ultrasound that heats up and destroys fibroid tissue. The procedure is done on an outpatient basis and is noninvasive, leaving the uterus and ovaries intact. It involves lying on your abdomen in an MRI tube for up to three hours while ultrasound waves heat up and destroy the uterine tissue. Side effects may include blisters on the abdominal skin, cramping, nausea, and some pain that can be managed with over-the-counter medication. Studies show that ExAblate successfully reduces fibroid symptoms in about 70 percent of women, but that 20 percent will require additional surgery within a year. Note: Do not use ExAblate if you want to get pregnant because not enough data is available to determine what happens to the uterine wall and lining following the procedure.

Hysterectomy is probably the option most commonly offered to American women who have fibroids, but one which deserves careful consideration. Hysterectomy should be the last resort, reserved for those women who, in addition to their fibroids, also have intractable bleeding or pain problems that simply have not responded to other measures. When this is the case, hysterectomy can be a real blessing, dramatically enhancing the quality of a woman’s life.

Spiritual and Holistic Options

The first thing to consider is that a fibroid may not need to be treated. A watch-and-wait attitude is not unreasonable in many cases; you can live with fibroids for years with no adverse health consequences if they are not bothering you. (And the falling estrogen levels that come in late perimenopause and menopause often shrink fibroids considerably.) There are times, however, when you may wish to seek treatment for a fibroid. You may not want to live with a growth that makes you look pregnant, or you may want to take action if your symptoms include pain, heavy bleeding, cramping, or backache.

Dietary change is the mainstay of my treatment approach for women interested in alternatives to drugs and surgery. Since the uterus is estrogen–sensitive, any dietary or alternative approach that counteracts estrogen dominance often works for fibroids. Eating a diet high in protein and healthy fats and low in high-glycemic carbohydrates such as sugar and starch can help. “White” foods like sugar and starch increase insulin, which changes the way estrogen is metabolized, creating compounds that are more likely to cause cellular inflammation and fibroid symptoms, including enhanced growth of existing fibroids. (Further evidence of the diet-estrogen-fibroid connection is the fact that fibroids are more common in overweight women.)

Nearly all women can benefit from taking phytoestrogens—plant-based hormones found in soy and flaxseed. Not only are phytoestrogens a safe alternative to synthetic hormones, these phytoestrogen-rich foods decrease the effects of estrogen levels naturally by blocking the estrogen receptors on the cells in fibroids and other estrogen-sensitive tissues. Studies have shown that eating soy and flax helps the body produce smaller amounts of unhealthy estrogens. Flaxseed is high in both fiber and omega-3 fats, which help reduce inflammation and tumor growth throughout the body and rid the body of toxins, including excess estrogen.

A wide variety of herbs help balance estrogen levels naturally. These include chasteberry, dong quai, and black cohosh—all of which have been used for centuries for various gynecological conditions. Other effective alternatives include weight loss, aerobic exercise, tai chi, meditation, acupuncture, castor oil packs, polarity therapy, homeopathic medicine, and massage.

A relatively new therapy known as NAET (Nambudripad Allergy Elimination Technique) has been used to treat fibroids and a wide variety of other illnesses as well. NAET was developed by Devi Nambudripad, an acupuncturist and chiropractor who had very severe allergies herself. It is based on the premise that allergies (and other illnesses such as fibroids) are the result of allergic and emotional reactions that are originally programmed in both the brain and body simultaneously. Using a process known as kinesiology (muscle testing), the NAET practitioner pinpoints the offending allergens and the accompanying emotional pattern. Then, using specific acupuncture or acupuncture points, these patterns are cleared from the body. The philosophical basis for this technique makes a great deal of sense, and I recommend it if used by a well-trained practitioner.

Learn More — Additional Resources


  1. Lepine, L. A., et al. (1997). Hysterectomy surveillance — United States, 1980–1993. MMWR, 46, 1–15.
Christiane Northrup, M.D.

Christiane Northrup, M.D.

Christiane Northrup, M.D., is a visionary pioneer and a leading authority in the field of women’s health and wellness. Recognizing the unity of body, mind, and spirit, she empowers women to trust their inner wisdom, their connection with Source, and their ability to truly flourish.


Add comment
  1. Bridgette York
    2 months ago

    Hello, Dr Northrup , from London. I started the Fibroid Network in London, after I discovered I had a large number of Fibroids. I was inspired by your book Womens Bodies , Womens Wisdom & encouraged all of my friends to get it , because I loved the broad range of info from Natural to Medical on Fibroids & many other conditions and your comforting words to inspire us.

    I then set up a Fibroid Support group, called Fibroid Network , we help 1,000s of women find alternatives to hysterectomy. I still hoped for a family. Your story gave me hope. I eventually had a myomectomy. They removed an 11b fibroid , 22cm high , 33cm diametre +3 smaller ones. I dropped 3 sizes after surgery .

    I later went on to become a Twin mum at 40, naturally. My beautiful twin girls are 3 & very healthy. I did have 3 very small fibroids during the pregnancy, but they did not cause any issues with the twins. The twins had plenty of room to manoeuvre & we could see them playing with each other on the scans. I really appreciate that you have always provided all the available natural & medical options in your publications so we women can make an informed choice about treatment, even as far away as the UK. We will definitely be recommending you on our new updated site.

    Thank You again Bridgette York

  2. Danielle
    2 months ago

    Take Agnus castus tablets

  3. Danielle
    2 months ago

    shrink the fibroid. I now only eat organic food, less meat, lots of water, juicing carrot, cucumber, lemon, raw beetroot, ginger root and watermelon. Take Angus cactus tablets, vitamin c and b complex, milk thistle, rest and sleep well (drink camomile tea at bedtime to aid sleeping). Drink green tea during daytime to help flush out toxins from the liver. Only eat small portions of organic meat and poultry. Non organic meats are full of esteogen which feeds fibroids.

  4. Amy Bielawski
    6 months ago

    I too have a uterus full of fibroids and have been asked “how far along I am”. Not only is it embarrassing, but they sit on my bladder and seem to cause more urgency. I am post menopausal and the doctors that I’ve spoken to will only take them out along with the uterus. I really don’t want to go that route, but not sure what else to do. One of the fibroids is the size of a grapefruit and the last doc said she would go in to push them out of the vagina. Getting cut open or the other both sound scary.

    The bloat in my abdomen feels so heavy sometimes that I wonder if there is something wrong and maybe they do need to go.

    However the Health Mktplace has erroneously taken my tax credit away, so I am now without insurance, again.

    Any help with this and more forward thinking docs that are HMOx would be greatly appreciated. Doctor Northrup, I need to see you!!!!

    1. Corrina McFarlane
      1 month ago

      Dear Amy, I also felt very strongly that cutting out my uterus was not the best response/option! I transcribed my journal of this mega-journey for well-being (healing) into a book ‘Guest At the Mouth of the Womb’. You can find it on Amazon.

  5. Colleen
    6 months ago

    I have 3 symptomatic 3cm submucousal fibroids. I’m 37. I’m wondering if you’ve ever had women with this type of fibroid conceive and have a healthy pregnancy/delivery without undergoing surgery to remove the fibroids??

  6. Deb
    6 months ago

    I am 53 with several uterine fibroids, which are to numerous and large to treat with less invasive techniques. According to my gyn MD, my only surgical option at this point is a hysterectomy, which I’m reluctant to pursue. Mine make me about 6 months “pregnant” and every month my body seems to be trying to “give birth” to them. UGH. I keep thinking, “I’m so close to menopause”… but maybe I’m not. I have regular, montly periods. VERY heavy and painful, sometimes excruciatingly so. I am at my wit’s end. I am overweight by probably 50 pounds, which I know doesn’t help, but I’ve changed my diet substantially (cutting out sugar, most specifically) Still not getting much relief. I’ve tried DIM detox supplement, along with other natural remedies, herbal tea, lymphatic system tinctures, apple cider vinegar and chiropractic. At this point, I’ve been throwing lots of stuff at the wall, in hopes of finding some relief. I’m about ready to bite the bullet and just go for the hysterectomy. I have not had my hormones checked in a while, so maybe I should do that before making any decisions, just to see if I’m anywhere near menopause, yet. I can’t see going throught the monthly onslaught for much longer. It’s a nightmare.

  7. SUZIE
    7 months ago


  8. Natalie
    9 months ago

    My name is Natalie, I am 39 years old with fibroid tumors. I am about 120 pounds with a abdomen which looks like I am 6 months pregnant, quiet a horrific sight and uncanny feeling. As far as the doctors are concerned my only option is surgery. However, since I have not released the possibility of having a child, I avoid the doctors as they offer no hope. I will give an ear to any advice you can offer. Natalie

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